US President Donald Trump's re-election campaign on Wednesday filed suit against The New York Times over an OpEd article about links to Russia, the first legal action of its kind after his regular criticism of the "failing" newspaper and other traditional media organisations.
The suit by Donald J Trump for President, Inc says the Times "knowingly published false and defamatory statements" in the March 27, 2019 column headlined "The Real Trump-Russia Quid Pro Quo".
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Its author was former Times executive editor Max Frankel.
"There was no need for detailed electoral collusion between the Trump campaign and Vladimir Putin's oligarchy because they had an overarching deal: the quid of help in the campaign against Hillary Clinton for the quo of a new pro-Russian foreign policy," Frankel wrote.
"The Times was well aware when it published these statements that they were not true," the campaign alleged in a document signed by lawyer Charles Harder, without clarifying that the column appeared in the Opinion section, which operates separately from the Times newsroom.
"But The Times published these statements anyway, knowing them to be false, and knowing it would misinform and mislead its own readers, because of The Times' extreme bias against and animosity toward the Campaign", and because of the Times' "exuberance to improperly influence" the 2020 election, in which Trump is running for re-election, it said.
The lawsuit comes after Trump's impeachment acquittal earlier this month in the Republican-majority Senate for abuse of power related to pressure on Ukraine, which is fighting Russian aggression.
Special Counsel Robert Mueller, who investigated Russian interference in the 2016 election, reported last April that there were numerous contacts between members of Trump's circle and Russia and that the campaign "expected it would benefit electorally from information stolen and released through Russian efforts".
But it said the efforts did not amount to criminal conspiracy.
In response to the lawsuit, a New York Times spokesperson said the Trump campaign "has turned to the courts to try to punish an opinion writer for having an opinion they find unacceptable".
According to the suit filed in the Supreme Court of New York, the campaign is seeking millions of dollars in damages.
"Fortunately, the law protects the right of Americans to express their judgements and conclusions, especially about events of public importance," the Times spokesperson said.
Bernie Sanders, the clear frontrunner so far among Democratic party hopefuls seeking to challenge Trump in November, issued a statement about the lawsuit.
"Trump has called the press the 'enemy of the people', and now - taking a page from his dictator friends around the world - is trying to dismantle the right to a free press in the First Amendment by suing The New York Times for publishing an opinion column about his dangerous relationship with Russia. Enough," Sanders said.